Evaluation of the Fostering Agriculture Market Activities II (FARMA II) Project, Market Development, Bosnia And Hercegovina
The FARMA II project is jointly funded by the Swedish government and USAID and runs from January 2016 to July 2021. The original ultimate objective of FARMA II was to increase agricultural exports to the EU and prepare Producer Organisations for EU market access, while strengthening local and national market access has gradually received more attention.
The primary objective of this evaluation is, as stated in the ToRs “to evaluate the Impact and the Sustainability as well as cross-cutting issues of the support to the FARMA II project in Bosnia and Herzegovina.” The cross-cutting issues in Swedish development policy to be looked at are poverty reduction, gender, environmental sustainability and rural development.
The evaluation was theory-based and applied a mixed methods approach to data collection and analysis. Data collection and analysis included a desk review with a meta-analysis of existing evaluations, a comparative analysis of production and market access data across sectors in FARMA II and other sectors, a theory of change workshop with key FARMA II implementing officers and key stakeholders, key informant interviews, a survey among PO’s and a debriefing and validation meeting.
The evaluation finds that FARMA II has contributed to increased market access in agricultural subsectors, particularly in poultry and dairy and to a lesser extent in honey and medical and aromatic plants. The sector of Fruits and Vegetables is facing clear constraints. Restart of poultry exports to the EU is one of the biggest successes of FARMA II, though in all sectors more attention to national market access is needed. In policy development, an important achievement of FARMA II was the development of the Strategic Plan for Rural Development of BiH (2018-2021). Major recommendations refer to strengthening linkages between public and private sector; intensifying dialogue and cooperation mechanisms to ensure coherence of interventions and enable stronger policy dialogue; and strengthening access of, particularly smaller, PO’s to local, regional, and national markets.