Impact Evaluation of Finnish Support to the Land Sector of Cambodia in 1997-2013
The Finnish government had supported land administration processes in Cambodia for 16 years (1997 – 2013), with four separate programmes and intervention modalities. Activities included cadastral surveying and mapping, land registration and capacity building, land policy and legislation development, land evaluation and land titling services. FCG carried out an impact evaluation (2014-15). This was extremely complex, given the large amount of documentation, the many stakeholders to consult and the long time frame. The aim was to examine the overall impact of support to the sector, as well as typical evaluation issues such as effectiveness, efficiency and relevance, and to make recommendations regarding potential future support to the land sector.
In addition, particular attention was given aspects of human rights, gender, climate change and environmental protection. The evaluation brought forward issues and lessons learned as well as provide practical and concrete recommendations for potential future MFA support to the land sector elsewhere. The methodology singled out four thematic areas that feature in the Objectives of all four interventions, namely technical capacity being built and applied in cadastral registration, development of supportive legislation, development of efficient land markets that generate revenue to the government through fees and taxation (to reinvest in land registration), and security of tenure for beneficiaries to increase their economic well-being.