WASH Summative Evaluation: Impact of Enhanced and Accelerated Sanitation Programmes

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The purpose of this evaluation was to determine the achievements and effectiveness of enhanced and accelerated WASH programmes in Ghana. Two programmes, part of the GoG-UNICEF WASH Programme established in 2012, which overall aim was to provide equitable and sustainable access to water and sanitation services but with a slightly different focus and geographical coverage. The enhanced programme focused on sanitation, hygiene and water as it related to the development of children and youth in in the five most deprived regions of Ghana, the Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta and Central regions while the accelerated programme focused on scaling up sanitation in small towns and districts towards achieving health outcomes in Ghana’s Northern region. Also, the two programmes finished in different points in time: enhanced programme in December 2018 and accelerated programme in June 2019. Even though the focus, geographical coverage and closing dates were slightly different, the two programmes had similar approaches and aimed to ensure nation-wide engagement to improve hygiene behaviour of target populations in communities, schools and health facilities.

To assess these programmes, this evaluation answered whether these programmes were improving sanitation and hygiene for community people and school children, if they met their targets and what could have been done differently to meet targets in the future. In doing so, the evaluation allowed the identification of lessons learned and yielded a series of strategic and operational recommendations on future WASH programme design within and outside of UNICEF. In other words, the evaluation specific objectives focus was on: accessing how effective the activities under the WASH programming have been (accountability), informing future WASH programme design (organizational learning) as well as informing future activities and strategies in WASH programming (target learning).

This evaluation combined the two evaluations into one single process with separate reports (separate evaluation management responses) and a combined summary report. To ensure that the two evaluations are not mixed-up, the study team carried out separate data collection activities and analysis of results in two waves.

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